References for Werner Heisenberg

  1. D C Cassidy, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  1. D C Cassidy, Uncertainty : the life and science of Werner Heisenberg (New York, 1992).
  2. D C Cassidy and M Baker (eds.), Werner Heisenberg : A bibliography of his writings (Berkeley, 1984).
  3. E Heisenberg, Das politische Leben eines Unpolitischen: Erinnerungen an Werner Heisenberg (1980).
  4. W Heisenberg, Physics and beyond : Encounters and conversations (New York, 1971).
  5. A Hermann, Werner Heisenberg in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten (Reinbek bei Hamburg, 1976).
  6. M Jammer, The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics: The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics in Historical Perspective (1974).
  7. C Jungnickel and R McCormmach, Intellectual Mastery of Nature, 2 Volumes (Chicago, 1986).
  8. M MacPherson, Time bomb : Fermi, Heisenberg, and the race for the atomic bomb (New York, 1986).
  9. T Powers, Heisenberg's war : the secret history of the German bomb (London, 1993).
  10. C F von Weizsäcker, Werner Heisenberg (1977).


  1. J Bernstein, What did Heisenberg tell Bohr about the bomb?, Scientific American 272 (5) (1995), 72-77.
  2. N H de V Heathcote, Werner Karl Heisenberg, Nobel prize winners in physics, 1901-1950 (New York, 1953), 306312.
  3. M Walker, Heisenberg, Goudsmit and the German atomic bomb, Physics today 43 (1) (1990), 52-60.

October 2003

MacTutor History of Mathematics