Von Haller had very definite views on what an academy should be. M Kline, reviewing [
Haller stressed that research and teaching are quite different functions. The academies are for research and the universities are for teaching. Though professors at universities might, if they wished to, do some research their obligation was to transmit knowledge. Correspondingly, the academicians were to do original research and selected students might be admitted as auditors only. Quoting Haller, the author (of [The author (of [
2]) says, "For it is readily apparent how far removed a paper read before the Paris Academy is from lectures in a professor's classroom."
The Academy was named the Royal Society of Sciences and Humanities in Göttingen (Königliche Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen) when it was founded and it is only from 1942 that it has been given the name Göttingen Academy of Sciences (Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen). From the date of its foundation the Academy published Commentationes Societati Regiae Scientiarum Goettingensi which, after a number of minor changes in name, became Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen in 1838. In 1894 the journal split into two separate journals covering different areas of science. The journal which contained the mathematical publications was Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse. In 1946 this journal changed its name to Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse. The current important mathematics journal published by the Academy has the name Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen. II. Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse.
List of References (2 books/articles)
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